Postural Instability in Early-Stage Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescent Girls

AIS is related to disorders of postural control with potential involvement of vestibular, proprioceptive, and visual input. So far no assessment of postural control has been done in an AIS population at the onset of spine deformation.

The mean Cobb angle was 14.8° ± 5.1°; 35 patients were included in group I with a Cobb angle of 5° to 14°, and 30 patients into group II with a Cobb angle of 15° to 25°. The latter group displayed higher body sways in static tests, characterized by a larger area covered by center of foot pressure in both eyes open and eyes closed conditions, and by higher lateral oscillations in only the eyes closed condition. Group II patients displayed poorer balance control, mainly in visual and somatosensory conflict conditions. Group II patients used fewer anticipatory strategies to stabilize body oscillations than Group I patients, especially in the more challenging sensory conflict and dynamic situations.

Conclusion. Poorer postural performance, especially in sensory conflict situations, observed in patients with a Cobb angle greater or equal to 15°, reflect less effective central information processing.

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© 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.